Frequently Asked Questions
Q: What is IVF?
A:IVF procedure is an infertility treatment where female eggs are fertilized by the sperm in laboratory conditions, outside the human’s body.
Q: How IVF is done?
A:During IVF treatment women’s ovaries go through hormone stimulation. The eggs are collected after the follicle reaches minimum 17-18 mm. After egg collection the embryologist performs Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) and embryos are sent to incubators for further development. Embryo transfer is performed after 3-5 days.
Q: When is IVF needed?
A:There are definite and subjective reasons, if the woman’s tubes are closed this is objective/ definite reason, also there is a lower limit for normal sperm parameters, if the count is below 15 million/ml, and/or fast moving ones are below 10%, morphologically normal ones are below 4% then IVF/ICSI is mandatory, also more than 5 years infertility period with unexplained infertility can be a criteria to choose IVF/ICSI. If a woman’s age is around or above 40 also bypassing simple therapies and doing IVF is a wise choice.
Q: Will my baby suffer birth defects?
A:The birth defect rates are not more than spontaneous pregnancies, also with this technology it is optional to choose the genetic diagnosis (PGD) before transferring the embryo to mother’s uterus, and this will eliminate almost all the major but not some minor birth defects.
Q:Are the procedures painful?
A: No, procedures are not painful as it is performed with general anesthesia.
Q:What is the age limit for egg donation treatment?
A:There is not an age definition for being a mother, but after the age of 45-50 getting pregnant may be very dangerous both for the health and even the life of mothers and fetuses.
Q:What are my chances of getting pregnant with my own eggs after 40?
A:After the age of 40 genetically egg quality and number drops, and Embryo implantation capacity of endometrium also lowers. General percentage of pregnancy after the age of 40 is between 0 to 25%.
Q:Pregnancy with frozen embryos? Aren’t Frozen Eggs less effective than fresh eggs?
A: No, this was true 15 years ago, now chances are same.
Q:How long does an egg retrieval take?
A:Egg retrieval time depends on the number of follicles to be punctured; if the number is around 10 then the time needed for collection is about 5-6 minutes in average. However patient preparation time before and after procedure can take around half an hour in total.
Q:How soon after IVF can a pregnancy test be performed?
A:After day 3 embryo transfer pregnancy test is done in 12 days, after day 5 embryo transfer test is performed in 10 days.
Q:We’re trying for a family naturally. How long should we wait before we seek help?
A:Waiting for a year is enough, but if your age is around forty don’t wait even a month.
Q:My pregnancy test was negative…what happened to the embryo?
A:If the embryo does not implant special cells of immune system collect the dead cells.
Q:What are In Vitro Fertilization risks?
A:We used to have hyper stimulated ovaries much more in the past 6-7 years, but now that risk is almost zero, but as all other invasive procedures sometimes egg collection may be traumatic to blood vessels in or around the ovaries, both ureters, intestines. It can cause severe internal bleeding or infection or ureter injury.
Q:Do you have arrangements with carriers to transport embryos and sperm?
A:Yes we do.